This year’s parliamentary elections came as a big surprise after the Alliance for the Unity of Romanians (AUR), an ultranationalist, extremist and anti-Hungarian party received 9.08% of the votes. The victory of AUR is staggering taking into account the fact that, inter alia, in the local elections held in September, 2020, they obtained only around 1% of the citizens’ votes. Subsequently, many wondered what lies behind AUR and what impact it would have on the Romanian politics.

Reffering to AUR, David Saranga, Israel’s ambassador to Bucharest, expressed his concern: “It should not be left out of consideration the fact that an extremist party, some of whose members are Holocaust deniers, could enter the Parliament.” Among the members of AUR are George Simion, an anti-Hungarian provocative chauvinist, who has repeatedly campaigned against Hungarians, or Dan Tănasă, known for the numerous lawsuits filed against the symbols of Szeklerland and the use of the mother tongue of ethnic Hungarians.

Árpád Antal, the Mayor of Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe, underlined the danger posed by AUR: „The parliamentary presence of AUR cannot be neglected, it must be constantly monitored, because it also represents the official position of a deep state.” The leader also recalled that several polls have been conducted in recent days showing that AUR was created in a „laboratory”. Many stressed that this „laboratory” should not be sought in Russia but in Romania. Among others, Iulian Fota, head of the Romanian National Intelligence Academy (SRI), Dan Tăpălagă, analyst at G4 Media and Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, political analyst suggested that AUR is a creation of the deep state.

Fota, being also a Professor at the Romanian National Intelligence Academy, is the first official of the Romanian state to say that AUR is not an authentic project, but one created especially by internal forces, so called „laboratories”. Iulian Fota strongly emphasized the fact that AUR would be a result of a local creation. Based on his own assessments, he explained: „I also know where such nationalism leads, used by the Romanians in the late 19th century and in the thirties and eighties of the last century. Each time it led to economic bankruptcy and international isolation. History shows us very clearly that anti-Western nationalism is not a solution for Romania.

Dan Tăpălagă, a highly respected Romanian political analyst and journalist, says the following: „The question of the day is who are these? Where did they come from? Who invented them and with what purpose? How was is it possible to grow, to swell underground, to sneak through the campaign, almost unnoticed, under the radar, and for us to wake up in the Parliament with an extreme right-wing party, with legionary, mysticoid, ethnicist, xenophobic, anti-Hungarian and obviously anti-Western characteristics?”

Tăpălagă finds it extremely worrisome that AUR looks like an internal laboratory creation, the characters of which has been recently used by the system to counter Hungarian radicalism in Szeklerland. Dan Tănasă seems to act on orders most of the time when he takes patriotic actions in the Uz Valley/Úz-völgye/Valea Uzului or files dozens of lawsuits againts Hungarian mayors, which he does all on orders coming from Bucharest, not from Moscow.

The journalist specified that the new political entity AUR is for Romania what was once Jobbik for Hungary, AfD for Germany, the League for Italy, Le Pen for France or FPO for Austria. It should be mentioned, however, that AUR does not have a charismatic leader, but it rather seems to be created by the system itself.