The Mikó Imre Association for the Protection of Minority Rights was founded by the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (DAHR) with the purpose of monitoring, signalling and thus combatting discrimination of all sorts against the Hungarian community in Romania. The main objectives of the association are advocating for the rights of the Hungarian minority in Romania on the national and also on the international level, as well as to signal any form of discrimination or hate speech affecting Hungarians to the international community.

It is important to know that the Hungarian minority of Romania is the largest ethnic minority in Romania, making up 6.1% of the total population. Hungarians mostly live in the region of Transylvania, where they comprise the majority of the population in an area known as Székely Land (Ținutul Secuiesc, Székelyföld), which includes Harghita and Covasna counties and parts of Mureș county.